Subramania Bharati, better known as C. Subramania Bharati, also pronounced Subrahmania, in full Chinnaswami Subramania Bharati, Subramania, (born December 11, 1882, Ettaiyapuram, Madras Presidency, India-died September 12, 1921, Madras (now Chennai)), an excellent nationalist Indian writer who is considered to be the founder of the modern Tamil style.
The son of a learned Brahman, at an early age, Bharati became a Tamil scholar. However, he got no formal education, and he moved to Madras in 1904. (now Chennai). He translated English into Tamil for many magazines and later joined Swadesamitran, the Tamil daily newspaper. This exposure to political affairs led to his involvement in the Indian National Congress party’s extremist wing and, as a result, he was forced to move to Pondicherry (now Puducherry), a French colony, where from 1910 to 1919 he remained in exile. Bharati’s nationalistic poetry and essays were popular successes during this period.He was briefly imprisoned upon his return to India in 1919 and eventually rejoined Swadesamitran. A temple elephant in Madras killed him.
Ka’an pā’u (1917; Songs to Krishna), Panchali sapatham (1912; Panchali’s Vow), and Kuyil pā’u (1912; Kuyil’s Song) are the best-known works of Bharati. In Agni and Other Poetry, Translations and Essays and Other Prose Fragments, many of his English works were collected (1937).
Follow us on