The Missile Man of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam!
The Missile Man of India:
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, in full Name, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, Indian scientist and politician (born October 15, 1931, Rameswaram, India, died July 27, 2015, Shillong), who played a leading role in the development of the missile and nuclear weapons programs of India. From 2002 to 2007, he was president of India.
Kalam earned a degree from the Madras Institute of Technology in aeronautical engineering and joined the Defence Research and Development Organisation in 1958. (DRDO). He moved to the Indian Space Research Organization in 1969, where he was project manager of the first satellite launch vehicle designed and manufactured in India, the SLV-III. Rejoining DRDO in 1982, Kalam planned the program that produced a number of successful missiles, which helped him earn the nickname “Missile Man.” Agni, India’s first intermediate-range ballistic missile, was among those achievements, incorporating elements of the SLV-III and launched in 1989.
Kalam was a scientific advisor to the Minister of Defense from 1992 to 1997 and later served as Principal Scientific Advisor (1999-2001) to the government with the rank of Minister of the Cabinet. His prominent role in the 1998 nuclear weapons tests in the country strengthened India as nuclear power and made Kalam a national hero, although the tests caused great concern in the international community. Kalam put forward a countrywide plan in 1998 called Technology Vision 2020, which he described as a roadmap for the transformation of India in 20 years from a less developed to a more developed society. Among other things, the plan called for measures to increase agricultural productivity, to emphasize technology as a vehicle for economic growth, and to broaden access to health care and education.
Kalam was put forward in 2002 by India’s ruling National Democratic Alliance (NDA) to replace outgoing President Kocheril Raman Narayanan. Kalam was nominated by the Hindu nationalist (Hindutva) NDA, and his prestige and widespread appeal were such that his candidacy was also proposed by even the principal opposition party, the Indian National Congress. Kalam comfortably won the election and was sworn in in July 2002 as the 11th president of India, a largely ceremonial post. At the end of his tenure in 2007, he left office and Pratibha Patil, the country’s first woman president, succeeded him. Kalam won the election comfortably and was sworn in as the 11th president of India, a largely ceremonial post, in July 2002. At the end of his term in 2007, he left office and was replaced by Pratibha Patil, the first woman president of that country.
Kalam wrote many novels, including Wings of Fire, an autobiography (1999). Two of the country’s highest honors were among his various distinctions, the Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the Bharat Ratna (1997).
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