The Basic Fundamental Right That All Indians Should know | Part 2.

The Basic Fundamental Right That All Indians Should know. The Indians Have Many Right and laws to protect ourselves and live a dignified life. Indian constitution has provided several rights to protect their fundamental rights but unfortunately, most of the people in India are not aware of those rights.

Here are some of the laws and fundamental right that each and every citizen in India should know. 

1. Police Act, 1861:- 

A police officer is always on duty whether he/she wearing a uniform or not. If a person makes a complaint to the officer, he/she could not say that he can’t help the victim because he/ she is not on duty.

2. Maternity Benefit Act, 1961:- 

No company can fire a pregnant woman. It may be punishable by a maximum of 3 years of imprisonment.

If the company (Government or private) has more than 10 employees then the pregnant women employee is eligible to get 84 days paid maternity leave.

3. Income Tax Act, 1961:-  In the case of tax violations, the tax collection officer has the power to arrest you but before arresting you, he/she will have to send a notice to you. Only Tax Commissioner decides how long you will stay in the custody.


4.  Hindu Marriage Act, Section -13: As per the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (any husband or wife) may apply for divorce in the court on the basis of Adultery (physical relationship outside of marriage), physical and mental abuse, impotency, to leave home without information, to change Hindu religion and adopt other religion, insanity, incurable disease and no information about husband or wife for seven-year.

5. Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973:- Only women police constable can arrest women.  Male constable doesn’t have the right to arrest women. Women have the right to deny going to police stations after the 6 P.M. and before the 6 A.M.

In the case of a serious crime only after receipt of the written order from the magistrate, a male policeman can arrest a woman.

6. As per the Citizen Charter (Indian Oil Corporation website):- There are very few people who know that if their gas cylinder blasts during the cooking of food then the gas agency is liable to pay Rs. 50 lakh to the victim as compensation.

To claim this compensation consumers need to lodge an FIR to the nearest police station and submit it to the concerned gas agency.


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