Right to Freedom Article 20. The right to liberty is a fundamental right granted to every person in the country. The Constitution of India contains Sections 19, 20, 21A, and 22 of the Laws of Rights guaranteed by political scholars. It is a set of four main laws. This fundamental right protects people from the injustice done by the state. Let us see a short summary of ARTICLE 20.
Article 20 provides for the protection of punishment for offences. It protects a person from maximum punishment without law. There are three provisions under this Act.
1.EX-POST FACTO LAW: If a person commits a crime, the punishment for the offence must already have been passed. If a new punishment is framed for that offence, the person can only be punished by trail. If a person is convicted of a crime of 7 years, it can only be given 14 years.A person should not be a witness to a crime.The culprit should not be a witness to himself.
2. NO DOUBLE JEEP:
If a person commits a crime, he can only be punished once. One can only be punished once for a crime.
3. NO SELF – INCRIMINALION:
A person should not be a witness to the crime. The culprit should not be a witness to himself.