Fundamental rights are those rights which are essential for intellectual, moral and spiritual development of citizens of India. These are enshrined in Part III . Articles 12 to 35 of the Constitution of India. Fundamental rights apply universally to all citizens, irrespective of race, birthplace, religion, caste, sexual orientation, gender or gender identity. As these rights are fundamental or essential for existence and all-round development of individuals, they are called ‘Fundamental rights’.
There are six fundamental rights recognised by the Indian constitution:
1.) Right to equality : Articles 14-18
2.) Right to Freedom : Articles 19-22
3.) Right Against Exploitation : Articles. 23-24
4.) Right to Freedom of Religion : Articles. 25-28
5.) Cultural and Educational Rights : Articles. 29-30
6.) Right to Constitutional remedies : Articles. 32-35