ASER report: Children’s basic reading skills have dramatically declined due to the pandemic.

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ASER report: Children’s basic reading skills have dramatically declined due to the pandemic.

The ASER reading exam measures a child’s ability to read letters, words, a straightforward paragraph of level one complexity, or a “story” of level two difficulty.According to the most recent annual status of education report (ASER) survey, which was released on Wednesday, the basic reading proficiency of students in the age group of 5 to 16 who are enrolled in both government and private schools nationwide has sharply declined amid the Covid-19 pandemic, “reversing” the slow improvement achieved in the intervening years.According to the ASER 2022 research, which was spearheaded by the Pratham Foundation, 98.4% of students in the age range of 6 to 14 years are now enrolled in school, despite the lengthy shutdown of schools. The percentage was 97.2% in 2018.In addition, the research noted a decline in the percentage of girls who are not enrolled in school nationwide and a dramatic rise of 7.1 percentage points in the number of kids enrolled in pre-primary age groups in 2022.

After a four-year hiatus, the ASER 2022 began its nationwide survey, reaching 19,060 villages throughout 616 districts.3,74,544 homes and 6,99,597 kids between the ages of 3 and 16 were polled.ASER 2021 was carried out in the midst of the pandemic using telephone surveys, with a particular focus on digital inequality and school enrollment levels.2018 saw the publication of the most recent ASER report based on physical household surveys.As a result, the current report compares it to that.

The number of third-grade pupils in public and private schools who can read at the class second level has decreased from 27.3% in 2018 to 20.5% in 2022, according to the research.Every state showed signs of this deterioration.States with better reading proficiency in 2018 include Kerala (from 52.1% in 2018 to 38.7% in 2022), Himachal Pradesh (from 47.7% to 28.4%), and Haryana (from 46.4% to 31%), all of which show declines of more than 10 percentage points from 2018 levels.According to the research, significant decreases are also seen in Telangana (from 18.1% to 5.2%) and Andhra Pradesh (from 22.6% to 10.3%).The ASER reading exam measures a child’s ability to read letters, words, a straightforward paragraph of level one complexity, or a “story” of level two difficulty.

 

Sharp drop in basic reading ability of children amid pandemic: ASER report  | Latest News India - Hindustan Times

According to the research, the percentage of fifth-grade kids who could read at least class 2-level material decreased from 50.5% in 2018 to 42.8% in 2022.Bihar, Odisha, Manipur, and Jharkhand are among the states where this metric remained stable or slightly improved. States with a decline of 15 percentage points or more, however, include Gujarat (from 53.8% to 34.2%), Himachal Pradesh (from 76.9% to 61.3%), and Andhra Pradesh (from 59.7% to 36.3% in 2022).Additionally, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Haryana, Karnataka, and Maharashtra all had declines of over 10 percentage points.Compared to patterns shown in classes 3 and 5, the decline in pupils’ basic reading skills was less pronounced in class 8.According to the research, “Nationally, 69.6% of children enrolled in class 8 in government or private schools in 2022 can read at least basic text, down from 73% in 2018.”The report also emphasised a national fall in children’s basic math proficiency levels compared to 2018 levels for the majority of grades. However, the decline wasn’t as severe as it was with basic reading.Children in class 3 who can at least perform subtraction, for example, went from 28.2% in 2018 to 25.9% in 2022.Similar to this, from 27.9% in 2018 to 25.6% in 2022, the proportion of Indian students in class 5 who are proficient in division has also somewhat decreased.The Covid-19 epidemic was also included in the ASER 2022 study as contributing to an increase in enrollment at government schools.”From 65.6% in 2018 to 72.9% in 2022, the percentage of children (ages 6 to 14) enrolled in government schools increased significantly. Almost every state in the nation has seen an increase in the number of students attending government schools, according to the report.

The percentage of females aged 11 to 14 who were not enrolled in school in all of India was 2% in 2022, according to the report, which highlighted the rise in the number of girls attending school. In 2018, that percentage was 4.1%.”This figure is about 4% only in Uttar Pradesh and is lower in all other states,” the report’s opening sentence stated.Among older females in the 15–16 age range, the decline in the percentage of girls who are not enrolled in school is considerably more pronounced.In 2008, more than 20% of 15 to 16-year-old girls nationwide were not enrolled in school. In 2018, ten years later, this number had dropped to 13.5%. The percentage of 15- to 16-year-old girls who are not enrolled has decreased and will be 7.9% in 2022, the report noted.

In just three states—Madhya Pradesh (17%), Uttar Pradesh (15%), and Chhattisgarh (11.2%)—do girls in this age range not attend school.The survey also emphasised the fact that from 26.4% in 2018 to 30.5% in 2022, more students in grades 1–5 are enrolling in paid private tuition programmes.According to the report, “the proportion of pupils receiving paid private tuition grew by 8 percentage points or more over 2018 levels in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand.”

 

 

 

 

 

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